The paradox of automation and self driving cars

It’s becoming increasingly apparent that Level 2 “self driving” cars are quite simply dangerous. The most recent incident (involving a Tesla model S which crashed in to a parked police car) has highlighted that partially automating the complex task of “driving” is potentially worse than not automating it at all ( But the “paradox of automation” is not a new phenomena – economist Tim Harford has previously written about this problem (, and Alphabet has chosen to skip Level 2 automation entirely, heading straight for vehicles which need no human intervention at all (“level 4” and beyond)